"Islamic orthodoxy" is a spectrum. If there is a "disagreement of conflict" as opposed to a "disagreement of variety", both positions can belong to Islamic orthodoxy, because both positions can be supported by evidence, upheld by mujtahids, and accepted within mainstream Islam. So, even though the positions are conflicted, they can both belong to Islamic orthodoxy.
Explore our collection "Finding Guidance in an Age of Confusion" to learn more about apologetics and matters related to Islamic methodology.
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