When the Earth Speaks Against Us: Environmental Ethics in Islam
Sources for an Islamic ethics
Understanding Environmental Ethics
Data from Survey
Islam and nature
The All-Merciful has taught the Qur’an. He created man and He taught him the explanation. The sun and the moon to a reckoning, and the stars and trees bow themselves; and heaven—He raised it up and set the balance. Transgress not in the balance, and weigh with justice, and skimp not in the balance. And Earth—He set it down for all beings, therein fruits and palm trees with sheaths, and grain in the blade, and fragrant herbs. Which of your Lord’s bounties will you deny? (Qur’an 55: 1–12)
Have you seen the water which you drink? Was it you who sent it down from the rain cloud, or did We send it? Were it Our will, We could have made it bitter; why then do you not give thanks? (Qur’an 56: 68–70)
The rights of creatures and animals over humanity are the following: that he provides for them as they require, even if they have aged or sickened such that no benefit comes from them; that he not burden them beyond what they can bear; that he not put them together with another creature that could injure it, whether of their own kind or other species, whether by breaking their bones or butting or wounding them; that he slaughters them with gentleness and he does not flay their skins or break their bones until their bodies have become cold and passed away; that he not slaughter their young within their sight but rather he does so in solitude; that he makes their resting and watering places comfortable; that he puts the males and females together during their mating seasons; that he does not discard what he has hunted; and that he does not shoot them with anything that breaks their bones or harms them by any means that would render their meat forbidden to eat.
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 Ibid., p. 3.
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 Ibid., p. 207.
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 Ibid., p. 95.
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 Ibid., p. 218.
 Ibid., p. 225.
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 Ibid., p.101.
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 Ibid., p. 142.
 Regan, Tom. The Case for Animal Rights. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010, p. 362.
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Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 3, Book of Chapters on Pawning, Hadith 2473.
 Ibid., Chapter No. 2, The Chapters of Purification and its Sunnah, Hadith 425.
 Sahih Muslim Vol. 2, Book of Zakat, Hadith 2242.
 Sahih Bukhārī Vol. 3, Book 43, Hadith 646.
 Ibid., Vol. 3, Book 39, Hadith 513.
 Musnad Ahmad, Hadith 12491.
 Qawāʻid al-Aḥkām fī Iṣlāḥ al-Anām 1/167.
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 Sahih Muslim Vol. 6, Book of Heart-Melting Traditions, Hadith 6606.
 Ibid., Vol. 4, Book of Government, Hadith 4496.
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